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1868 3 years after the end of slavery ex slave Oscar Dunn became lieutenant governor Louisiana. The highest executice position held by an African American at that time. Dunn worked to achieve equality for millions of freed Blacks under the 13th Amendment. He advocated land ownership and tax payer education for all Black children. He even openedan employment agency for Freedmen.

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Known for his victory in Brown vs Board of Education which de segregated schools, NAACP member and lawyer Thurgood Marshall becamethe firstBlack supreme court justice in 1967. A champion for civil rights and fair treatment under the law Marshall also opposed the death penalty and supported abortion rights.