DRED SCOTT V. SANDFORD
On this day March 6th 1857 the United States supreme court decided 7-2 against Dred Scott claiming him nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship thus cannot sue the United States government under “Diversity of citizenship” rules.
Scott sued the United States for the freedom of himself along with his wife and children because they illegally held as slaves in the free States of Illinois and the territory of Wisconsin.
Illinois was a free state under the “Northwest Ordinance of 1787” and the territory of Wisconsin which became Minnesota was a free state under the Missouri compromise of 1820. Scott lived in Illinois in 1830 and in Wisconsin with his family in 1836.
The news made national news and was one of kicksrarter to the American civil war. Scott and his family was eventually freed but sadly he died 18 months later of tuberculosis.